The impact of gender on financial performance: evidence for portuguese SMEs

Conference proceedings article


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Publication Details

Author list: Pacheco LM, Lobo C, Maldonado I
Publication year: 2021
Start page: 1
End page: 16
Number of pages: 16
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


The relationship between gender and profitability in the context of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) is a less studied topic in the broader context of performance determinants. Thus, the objective of this paper is to examine whether women’s leadership of the firms’ board of directors and senior management teams enhances financial performance. Contributing to fill this research gap and based on the agency and stakeholder theories, it is used a balanced panel data of 4.806 Portuguese SMEs for the period from 2010 to 2019. The results from the random-effects model evidence the absence of a broad significant relationship, albeit with some slight evidence of a negative relation, moderated by firm age and present in some specific sectors of activity. Given the SMEs importance in the majority of countries, the results and implications of this paper can be generalized to other economies.


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Last updated on 2021-11-10 at 15:35