"Cogito ergo sum?" Some issues about artificial intelligence and human will: a legal approach

Beitrag in Konferenzband



Details zur Publikation

Autorenliste: Martínez de Campos, M., & Damas, R. M.
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2019
Sprachen: Englisch-Vereinigtes Königreich (EN-GB)


When a person meets another one, sometimes has the strange feeling of
“déjà vu”, thinking “I met this person before”. Psychology explains it
as a path which is crossed between people. The same happens when people
tries to predict the next friend they will meet. Which facts are most
likely to lead to the connection? In the world of social networks, these
are called nods. Each link shared among people is a line connecting
them. In the computer world these graphs exist in an unlimited
dimension, and artificial intelligence is calculating the importance of
each edge, and distinguishing friends and enemies, important texts and
insignificant publications, putting all the numbers together and
creating a composite profile of the most likely “normal” person. That
profile is used for advertising purposes but also is used to the
electronic hunt for terrorists. This bring us to a central problem: Are
the artificial intelligence, with the path and the algorithm, really
making choices and choosing for us? Descartes said “I think. I am”,
that´s the course of humanity. Now computers are flummoxing the way we
see the concepts of thought, will and action. Are these concepts
exclusives to the mankind? With a view to developments in robotics and
artificial intelligence, the Committee on Legal Affairs deemed it time
for the European Union to act in respect of the legal and ethical issues
raised by these new technologies. To this end, the JURI Committee set
up a working group in 2015 with the primary aim of drawing up “European”
civil law rules in this area, leading to the 2017´s European
Parliament’s resolution on European Civil Law Rules on Robotics.
Developments in civil robotics and artificial intelligence also call for
reflection on the big ethical questions they raise. In this regard, it
is essential that the big ethical principles which will come to govern
robotics and artificial intelligence develop in perfect harmony with
Europe’s humanist values. In this article we will try to establish the
link between human will and electronic will, not forgetting that the
thousands of world’s leading computers, with billions of patterns and
algorithms, will never replace the human perception of justice and

Keywords: artificial intelligence; ethical principles; robotics law; human will; European law.


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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-28-03 um 14:42