The Role of the Military in the Turkish Democracy

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Détails sur la publication

Sous-titre: Are the Military the Guardians of or a Threat to the Turkish Democracy?
Liste des auteurs: Matos, A.
Année de publication: 2013
Journal: International Review Turkish Studies (2211-3975)
Numéro du volume: 3
Numéro de publication: 1
Page d'accueil: 8
Dernière page: 29
Nombre de pages: 22
ISSN: 2211-3975
Languages: Anglais-Royaume-Uni (EN-GB)


Résumé

The military have played an influential role in Ottoman/Turkish

society since the 13th century – the founder of the modern Republic of Turkey

also had a military background. Forming the elite and entrenched in the

spirit of Kemalist heritage, they have considered themselves the guardians

of secularism and democracy in Turkey since the inception of the Republic.

Nevertheless, a particularly ardent pursuit of the defence of these principles

very often lead them to relatively direct forms of intervention in political and

civil issues with the apparent support of Turks, among whom the military

forces are very popular. In regards to the implications for the European

Union, however, this situation is not conducive to the consolidation of Turkish

democracy and, consequently, for the process of accession. In fact, it creates

an outcome, which is diametrically opposed to it, eroding the quality of

democracy and perverting this group’s ideology.

Bearing in mind the role of the military in the last decades, this paper attempts

to analyse this paradox and to understand the evolution of their behaviour, as

well as the position of the EU. The intention is also to establish how much an

unstable and unpredictable military elite may harm Turkish democracy and

its path towards the Union – even though that might not be their intention.


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Dernière mise à jour le 2019-13-08 à 00:16