Screening for depression and anxiety disorders from pregnancy to postpartum with the EPDS and STAI

Journal article


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Publication Details

Author list: Conde A
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP): STM Journals
Publication year: 2014
Volume number: 17
Issue number: 2
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 1138-7416
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


Abstract

The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the State Anxiety
Inventory (STAI-S) are widely used self-report measures that still need
to be further validated for the perinatal period. The aim of this study
was to examine the screening performance of the EPDS and the STAI-S in
detecting depressive and anxiety disorders at pregnancy and postpartum.
Women screening positive on EPDS (EPDS ≥ 9) or STAI-S (STAI-S ≥ 45)
during pregnancy (n = 90), as well as matched controls (n = 58) were
selected from a larger study. At 3 months postpartum, 99 of these women
were reassessed. At a second stage, women were administered a clinical
interview to establish a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis. Receiver operator
characteristics (ROC) analysis yielded areas under the curve higher
than.80 and.70 for EPDS and STAI-S, respectively. EPDS and STAI-S
optimal cut-offs were found to be lower at postpartum (EDPS = 7; STAI-S =
34) than during pregnancy (EPDS = 9; STAI-S = 40). EPDS and STAI-S are
reasonably valid screening tools during pregnancy and the postpartum.


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Last updated on 2019-13-08 at 00:45