Mother's anxiety and depression during the third pregnancy trimester and neonate's mother versus stranger's face/voice visual preference

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Liste des auteurs: Conde A
Editeur: Elsevier: 12 months
Année de publication: 2010
Numéro du volume: 86
Numéro de publication: 8
Page d'accueil: 479
Dernière page: 485
Nombre de pages: 7
ISSN: 0378-3782
Languages: Anglais-Royaume-Uni (EN-GB)


Résumé

Background: Neonates show visual preference for their mother's
face/voice and shift their attention from their mother to a stranger's
face/voice after habituation. Aim: To assess neonate's mother versus
stranger's face/voice visual preference, namely mother's anxiety and
depression during the third pregnancy trimester and neonate's: 1) visual
preference for the mother versus the stranger's face/voice (pretest
visual preference), 2) habituation to the mother's face/voice and 3)
visual preference for the stranger versus the mother's face/voice
(posttest visual preference). Method: Mothers (N=100) filled out the
Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the State Anxiety
Inventory (STAI) both at the third pregnancy trimester and childbirth,
and the "preference and habituation to the mother's face/voice versus
stranger" paradigm was administered to their newborn 1 to 5. days after
childbirth. Results: Neonates of anxious/depressed mothers during the
third pregnancy trimester contrarily to neonates of
non-anxious/non-depressed mothers did not look 1) longer at their
mother's than at the stranger's face/voice at the pretest visual
preference (showing no visual preference for the mother), nor 2) longer
at the stranger's face/voice in the posttest than in the pretest visual
preference (not improving their attention to the stranger's after
habituation). Conclusion: Infants exposed to mother's anxiety/depression
at the third gestational trimester exhibit less perceptual/social
competencies at birth


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