Anxiety and depression symptoms in women and men from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum

Zeitschriftenaufsatz


Autoren/Herausgeber


Forschungsfelder


Details zur Publikation

Untertitel: Parity differences and effects
Autorenliste: Conde A
Verlag: Elsevier: 12 months
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2011
Bandnummer: 132
Heftnummer: 1-2
Erste Seite: 146
Letzte Seite: 157
Seitenumfang: 12
ISSN: 0165-0327
Sprachen: Englisch-Vereinigtes Königreich (EN-GB)


Beschreibung

This study aimed to investigate both anxiety and depression symptoms
from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum, comparing women and men and
first and second-time parents. Methods: A sample of 260 Portuguese
couples (N = 520), first or second-time parents, recruited in an
Obstetrics Out-patients Unit, filled in the State-Anxiety Inventory
(STAI-S) and the Edinburgh Post-Natal Depression Scale (EPDS) at the
1st, 2nd and 3rd pregnancy trimesters, childbirth, and 3-months
postpartum. Results: A decrease in anxiety and depression symptoms from
early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum was found in both women and men,
as well as in first and second-time parents. Men presented less anxiety
and depression symptoms than women, but the same pattern of symptoms
over time. Second-time parents showed more anxiety and depression
symptoms than first-time parents and a different pattern of symptoms
over time: an increase in anxiety and depression symptoms from the 3rd
trimester to childbirth was observed in first-time parents versus a
decrease in second-time parents. Limitations: The voluntary nature of
the participation may have lead to a selection bias; women and men who
agreed to participate could be those who presented fewer anxiety and
depression symptoms. Moreover, the use of self-report symptom measures
does not give us the level of possible disorder in participants.
Conclusions: Anxiety and depression symptoms diminish from pregnancy to
the postpartum period in all parents. Patterns of anxiety and depression
symptoms from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum are similar in
women and men, but somewhat different in first and second-time parents.
Second-time parents should also be considered while studying and
intervening during pregnancy and the postpartum.


Schlagwörter

Anxiety, Postpartum, Pregnancy


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