Anxiety and depression during pregnancy in women and men

Journal article


Research Areas

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Publication Details

Author list: Conde A
Publisher: Elsevier: 12 months
Publication year: 2009
Volume number: 119
Issue number: 1-3
Start page: 142
End page: 148
Number of pages: 7
ISSN: 0165-0327
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


Background: High-anxiety and depression rates have been reported in
women during pregnancy; however men and parity effects have not been
studied as extensively. The purpose of this study was to analyze anxiety
and depression in women and their partners during pregnancy, namely
differences between the 1st, 2nd and 3rd pregnancy trimesters, between
women and men, and between primiparous and multiparous. Methods: A
sample of 300 women and their partners (n = 560) were recruited during
the 1st pregnancy trimester and have completed the STAI-S (State Anxiety
Inventory) and the EPDS (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) in the
1st, 2nd and 3rd pregnancy trimesters. Results: Anxiety symptoms follow a
U pattern in pregnancy, while depression symptoms decrease throughout
pregnancy. Women show higher anxiety and depression values than men,
although patterns of time variation are similar. Primiparous women and
men display higher anxiety levels in the 1st than in the 3rd trimester,
while multiparous register higher values in the 3rd than in the 1st
pregnancy trimester. Conclusion: Different time variation in pregnancy
was found for anxiety and depression symptoms; however anxiety and
depression symptoms are particularly high during the 1st trimester.
Intervention needs will be analyzed according to the results


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Last updated on 2019-13-08 at 00:45