Neuropsychological evaluation of the executive functions by means of virtual reality | Evaluación neuropsicológica de las funciones ejecutivas mediante realidad virtual

Journal article


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Publication Details

Author list: Bombin I
Publisher: Cesar Viguera
Publication year: 2014
Journal: Revista de Neurologia (0210-0010)
Volume number: 58
Issue number: 10
Start page: 465
End page: 475
Number of pages: 11
ISSN: 0210-0010
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB), Spanish-Spain (ES-ES)


Executive functions include a wide range of self regulatory functions
that allow control, organization and coordination of other cognitive
functions, emotional responses and behaviours. The traditional approach
to evaluate these functions, by means of paper and pencil
neuropsychological tests, shows a greater than expected performance
within the normal range for patients whose daily life difficulties would
predict an inferior performance. These discrepancies suggest that
classical neuropsychological tests may not adequately reproduce the
complexity and dynamic nature of real life situations. Latest
developments in the field of virtual reality offer interesting options
for the neuropsychological assessment of many cognitive processes.
Virtual reality reproduces three-dimensional environments with which the
patient interacts in a dynamic way, with a sense of immersion in the
environment similar to the presence and exposure to a real environment.
Furthermore, the presentation of these stimuli, as well as distractors
and other variables, may be controlled in a systematic way. Moreover,
more consistent and precise answers may be obtained, and an in-depth
analysis of them is possible. The present review shows current problems
in neuropsychological evaluation of executive functions and latest
advances in the consecution of higher preciseness and validity of the
evaluation by means of new technologies and virtual reality, with
special mention to some developments performed in Spain.


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Last updated on 2019-10-08 at 00:15