Neural processing to visual stimuli in a three-choice reaction-time task

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Author list: Ortiz, T., Maestu, F., Fernández, A., Martinez, E.
Publisher: Elsevier: 12 months
Publication year: 2001
Volume number: 47
Issue number: 3
Start page: 383
End page: 396
Number of pages: 14
ISSN: 0278-2626
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


Abstract

Some authors have suggested that certain components of the event-related potentials (ERPs) reflect underlying stages in the discrimination process. Previous studies have shown that in an auditive three-choice reaction-time task the discrimination is accomplished as a two-stage process, with the more frequently occurring stimulus discriminated at an earlier point than the rarer stimulus and the subjects could be classified as fast and slow responders in function of their response to the most frequent of the three tones. We continuously recorded the electrocerebral activity (EEG) from the scalp and the electromyographic activity (EMG) from the responding muscles in a visual three-choice reaction-time task in 10 strictly right-handed subjects. EEG and EMG responses were subsequently analyzed off-line by aligning them by the onset of either the stimulus (stimulus-synchronized) or the response (response-synchronized). The results suggest that processes of visual stimuli evaluation and response execution are continuously integrated. The discrimination and response systems to visual stimuli is accomplished as a three-stage process, one to frequent tone, another for rare 1, and the last for rare 2. The subjects were classified as fast and slow responders in function of their response to the most frequent of the three tones. © 2001 Elsevier Science.


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