Associations between psychosocial factors and pain intensity, physical functioning, and psychological functioning in patients with chronic pain

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Details zur Publikation

Untertitel: A cross-cultural comparison
Autorenliste: Ferreira-Valente MA
Verlag: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2014
Zeitschrift: Clinical Journal of Pain (0749-8047)
Bandnummer: 30
Heftnummer: 8
Erste Seite: 713
Letzte Seite: 723
Seitenumfang: 11
ISSN: 0749-8047
eISSN: 1536-5409
Sprachen: Englisch-Vereinigtes Königreich (EN-GB)


Beschreibung

OBJECTIVE: Current models of chronic pain recognize that psychosocial
factors influence pain and the effects of pain on daily life. The role
of such factors has been widely studied on English-speaking individuals
with chronic pain. It is possible that the associations between such
factors and adjustment may be influenced by culture. This study sought
to evaluate the importance of coping responses, self-efficacy beliefs,
and social support to adjust to chronic pain in a sample of Portuguese
patients, and discuss the findings with respect to their similarities
and differences from findings of studies on English-speaking
individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: Measures of pain intensity and
interference, physical and psychological functioning, coping responses,
self-efficacy, and satisfaction with social support were administered to
a sample of 324 Portuguese patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain.
Univariate and multivariate analyses were computed. Findings were
interpreted with respect to those from similar studies using
English-speaking individuals. RESULTS:: Coping responses and perceived
social support were significantly associated with pain interference and
both physical and psychological functioning; self-efficacy beliefs were
significantly associated with all criterion variables. All coping
responses, except for task persistence, were positively associated with
pain interference and negatively associated with physical and
psychological functioning, with the strongest associations found for
catastrophizing, praying/hoping, guarding, resting, asking for
assistance, and relaxation. DISCUSSION:: The findings provide support
for the importance of the psychosocial factors studied in terms of
adjustment to chronic pain in Portuguese patients, and also suggest the
possibility of some differences in the role of these factors due to
culture.Copyright © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


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Zuletzt aktualisiert 2019-13-08 um 00:16