Grupoterapia cognitivo-comportamental para crianças e adolescentes vítimas de abuso sexual

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Publication Details

Author list: Koller S
Publisher: Universidade de São Paulo
Publication year: 2009
Volume number: 43
Issue number: Supl. 1
Start page: 70
End page: 78
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 0034-8910
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB), Portuguese-Brazil (PT-BR)


Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of a cognitive behavioral group
therapy model among female children and adolescents victims of sexual
abuse. METHODS: A non-randomized study with intragroup
comparisons over time was carried out. Female children and teenagers
from nine to 16 years of age (N=40) were clinically assessed in three
individual meetings in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, Southern
Brazil, between 2006 and 2008. The group therapy comprised 16
semi-structured sessions. Psychological instruments were applied to
investigate symptoms of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress
disorder, child stress, beliefs and perception of the abuse experience
before, during and after the intervention. The results were analyzed
through statistical tests for repeated measures. A comparative analysis
was carried out with the results of the pretest between the groups that
received group psychotherapy immediately after the sexual abuse was
reported and those who were waiting for psychological support. RESULTS: The
assessment of the impact of the intervention revealed that cognitive
behavioral group therapy significantly reduced symptoms of depression,
anxiety, child stress and post-traumatic stress disorder. In addition,
the intervention enabled the participants to modify beliefs of guilt,
low degrees of trust and credibility, and was effective in reducing
psychological symptoms and changing distorted beliefs and perception in
regard to the abuse. CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive behavioral group therapy was effective in reducing psychological symptoms in sexually abused girls.


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Last updated on 2019-13-08 at 00:15