Confirming the three-factor structure of the disgust scaleg-revised in eight countries

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Publication Details

Author list: Koller S, Olatunji B O, Moretz M W, McKay D, Bjorklund F, De Jong P J, Haidt J, Hursti T J, Imada S, Mancini F, Page A C, Schienle A
Publisher: SAGE Publications (UK and US)
Publication year: 2009
Volume number: 40
Issue number: 2
Start page: 234
End page: 255
Number of pages: 22
ISSN: 0022-0221
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


Abstract

The current study evaluates the factor structure of the Disgust Scaleg-Revised (DS-R) in eight countries: Australia, Brazil, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States (N = 2,606). Confirmatory factor analysis is used to compare two different models of the DS-R and to investigate the invariance of the factor structure of the DS-R across countries and gender. A three-factor solution consisting of three different but interrelated disgust factors (a 12-item core disgust factor, an 8-item animal-reminder disgust factor, and a 5-item contamination disgust factor) best accounted for the data in all countries except the Netherlands. Relative to the United States, the three-factor solution is invariant in Australia, Brazil, and Japan but not in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and Sweden. The three-factor solution is also invariant across gender in most countries. The implications of these cross-cultural findings for promoting a more valid and reliable assessment of disgust dimensions, as assessed by the DS-R, are discussed.


Keywords

Cross-culture, Disgust Scaleg-revived, Disgust sensitivity, Factor structure


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