A cross-national study on the relations among prosocial moral reasoning, gender role orientations, and prosocial behaviors

Journal article


Research Areas

Publication Details

Author list: Koller S, Carlo G, Eisenberg N, Da Silva M S, Frohlick C B
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Publication year: 1996
Volume number: 32
Issue number: 2
Start page: 231
End page: 240
Number of pages: 10
ISSN: 0012-1649
Languages: English-Great Britain (EN-GB)


This research examined the correlates of prosocial moral reasoning (PMR) in 2 studies. Study 1 investigated age, gender, and culture group differences in PMR in Brazilian children and adolescents (n = 265) and U.S. adolescents (n = 67). Relations between PMR and both prosocial behaviors and gender role orientations in Brazilian adolescents (n = 136) were explored in Study 2. Self-reflective, internalized reasoning was positively related, and hedonistic reasoning was negatively related, to peer ratings of prosocial behaviors. Femininity was associated with more self-reflective, internalized concerns and with less concerns regarding gaining others' approval. In general, age and gender differences in PMR were similar for both Brazilian and U.S. adolescents. However, U.S. adolescents scored higher on internalized moral reasoning than Brazilian adolescents. Discussion focused on the correlates of PMR in Brazilian and U.S. children.




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