Bios, Psyche, and Pathos: On the epistemological and ethical critique of psychopathology (BPP)

Projet financé interne

Chercheur principal


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Détails du projet

Date de début: 01/09/2018
Date d'achèvement: 31/07/2021


project examines the epistemological status of the concepts of "mental health/illness"
and its practical, bio-ethical-social and clinical implications, through a
pluralistic methodology with interdisciplinary collaboration between
Humanities, Social Sciences and Biomedical Sciences. From a theoretical point
of view, the Project explores a philosophical hypothesis that defends the
creative and relational character of subjectivity, as well as the continuous
fluidity of personality, mainly in its semantic and narrative dimensions. This
hypothesis was critically analyzed in an earlier project, developed by part of the
same team, titled "Poetics of Selfhood: Memory, Imagination, and
Narrativity" (PTDC/MHC-FIL/4203/2012) and focused on the ontological,
phenomenological, and hermeneutic complexity of autobiographical events, actions
and symbolizations. In order to achieve its specific theoretical and practical goals,
this new Project relies on a strategic team with about 30 researchers from 6
countries, integrating four deeply interconnected problematic issues:

1. Fundamental ontological and epistemological issues
in which one examines the Neo-Darwinian and Neo-Krapelinian naturalism in
Health Sciences and questions the validity not only of the dominant definitions
of "mental health/illness” (e.g. DSM-5, ICD-10, and RDoC Matrix), but also
of the causal, etiopathological models with their procedures for categorizing,
evaluating, classifying, and explaining human experience;

2. A problematic core of phenomenological and
hermeneutical issues where one recognizes the qualitative character of all
human experience and, therefore, questions the ways of describing, understanding
and interpreting the configurations of pathos and psychological "order/disorder"
within the conscious and intentional, cognitive and affective, field of individual
"life-stories" that entail the constructive fusion between
autobiographical memory and self-projective imagination;

3. A set of aesthetic core issues where one
analyzes, in the realm of Arts and artistic creativity in general, the
relationship between "madness" and "genius", between
"alogic nonsense" and "supralogical poetic truth", thus
propounding psychopathological abnormality as a possibility of anthropological
exceptionality with its tragic, romantic and (post)modernist pluralism;

4. An ethico-therapeutic domain, containing a
socio-political level, in which one aims to investigate, in the context of
Mental Health, the clinical definition of effective cure, the therapeutic decision-making
process, the quality of the interpersonal relationship and the mode of organization
of care services, in accord with the guiding principle of permanent
optimization of well-being and development of human capabilities.

Thus, the Project aims to elucidate the criteria
of demarcation between "mental health/illness" so as to understand
its theoretical assumptions and contribute to the evaluation and improvement of
clinical practices.


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Dernière mise à jour le 2018-30-07 à 16:52